Esther in the line of Christ

The reason I believe that Esther was in the line of Jesus Christ is because of the following passage:

Zechariah 12:10-14 "And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son. On that day the weeping in Jerusalem will be great, like the weeping of Hadad Rimmon in the plain of Megiddo. The land will mourn, each clan by itself, with their wives by themselves: the clan of the house of David and their wives, the clan of the house of Nathan and their wives, the clan of the house of Levi and their wives, the clan of Shimei and their wives, and all the rest of the clans and their wives.

This passage is striking because it is so clearly talking about the Messiah, the "one they have pierced." Why does it mention the four families? David's family was clearly designated as the line of the Messiah. This is the only passage that I know of that mentions anything about the family of David's son Nathan, the line listed in Christ's genealogy in Luke 3. The next section will illustrate the significance of Levi in the genealogy of Christ. Why then Shimei? I believe, because he too is in the line of Christ through Esther.

The year Zechariah recorded the prophecy above, the Jews returned to Jerusalem after the exile, and one of the most prominent names among the returnees was Mordecai.

Nehemiah 7:6-7 These are the people of the province who came up from the captivity of the exiles whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had taken captive (they returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to his own town, in company with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum and Baanah

The other three underlined names in the Zechariah passage, David, Nathan and Levi are in the genealogy of Christ and their ancestors were prominent in the return to Jerusalem after the exile. Zerubbabel was descended from both David and Nathan, Joshua the high priest from Levi. Mordecai was descended from Shimei. Interestingly, the associates of Joshua the High Priest are said to be symbolic of things related to the coming of the Messiah (the Branch) in Zechariah:

Zechariah 3:8 "‘Listen, O high priest Joshua and your associates seated before you, who are men symbolic of things to come: I am going to bring my servant, the Branch.

I believe these passages indicate that one of the lines of Christ came through Esther.

Clearly, if Mordecai was in Susa of Babylon, in 480 B.C. and he was "among those taken captive with Jehoiachin king of Judah" (Esther 2:6), in 596, he was of great age, at least 116 years old. Also, if he was one of those who returned to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel and Joshua, he somehow, for some reason, returned to Susa. Josephus gives us the reason in Antiquities of the Jews, Book XI, Chapter 4, Verse 9 when he relates that Mordecai was one of the Ambassadors sent by the Jews sent back to Babylon to deal with the opposition of the Samaritans. He records the following letter of Darius: "King Darius to Tanganas and Sambabas, the governors of the Samaritans, to Sadraces and Bobelo, and the rest of their fellow servants that are in Samaria: Zorobabel, Ananias, and Mordecai, the ambassadors of the Jews, complain of you, that you obstruct them in the building of the temple, and do not supply them with the expenses which I commanded you to do for the offering their sacrifices."

Considering that Mordecai was still there some forty years later, it seems likely that he had stayed there as a permanent Ambassador for Jewish interests. He had probably retired long before the story begins, but having had long access to the Royal Court, in his retirement it was natural and accepted that he sat at the King's gate. This is the most likely explanation for his continued presence there in the narrative of the Book of Esther. Even in just this paper, we have seen the repeated theme of how God loves to use the old and the weak to bring deliverance.

Six years after the events recorded in Esther, Xerxes the king of Babylon was assassinated. I suspect Esther moved to Israel and married one of the descendants of Zerubbabel. I am reminded about the great prophecy of Balaam "A star will come out of Jacob; a scepter will rise out of Israel." There is considerable evidence that the dedication of Jesus Christ in the Temple occurred on the Fast of Esther in 4 BC, just before the star became visible to wise men in Jerusalem. Is it just a coincidence that Esther's name means "star."

It is also possible that the words of the Prophet Samuel were related to the coming of Christ in the female line of Esther through Kish, the father of Saul. In 1 Samuel 9:20b "And to whom is all the desire of Israel turned, if not to you and all your father's family?" Saul's father's family included Esther in later generations.

The Curse

The condemnation of Esther and all of Israel to death by Haman.

The Redemption

The deliverance of the Jews by Esther and Mordecai (means the Prince of God) from death. God also uses this story as a very powerful figure of our deliverance from death by the Prince of Peace.

The Seventh and Last Woman in the Line of Christ is Mary

Mary is the reason Israel existed, to provide the human heritage for the Son of Man / Son of God. Figuratively, she was foreshadowed as the Virgin Daughter of Judah, the Virgin Daughter of Israel, the Daughter of Zion. Her heritage included races under a curse, individuals under a curse, but most of all, a species under a curse, the human race.

The Curse

The curse of the disobedience of Adam on mankind.

Genesis 2:17 but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die."

The curse of the disobedience of the law on Israel.

Deuteronomy 27:26 "Cursed is the man who does not uphold the words of this law by carrying them out."

The Redemption

The redemption of mankind.

Romans 15:22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.

The redemption of Israel.

Galatians 3:13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: "Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree."

Last Updated (Saturday, 25 March 2006 22:59)